Carps, Rohu (Labeo rohita)

Rohu (local name)

The mullet-shaped head with a terminal mouth, no barbel, and coarse dark edged scales are distinctive features of the grass carp. The dorsal fin, with 8 rays, is short and located mid-body, above the pelvic fins. Paired anal fins are short and attached low on the body. The coloration is olivaceus to silvery white.Dorsal fin with 12-14 1/2 branched rays; lower profile of head conspicuously arched; short dorsal fin with anterior branched rays shorter than head; 12-16 predorsal scales ; snout without lateral lobe.Like any good hunter the angler should have a basic working knowledge of their prey. Understanding how a fish uses its senses to feed and evade danger is, of course, vital if we are to understand just why it is they will or won’t pick up our baited hooks.A carp’s sense of smell comes through a set of nostrils (called ‘Nares’) located just in front of the eye on either side of the head. The water is channelled through the nostrils by a raised flap of skin in the middle of each Nare and down through a set of thousands of miniscule hairs which can distinguish between sweet, sour, savoury and saline substances. Just like humans carp have a sense of taste via a set of taste buds. However this is where the similarity ends. Like its sense of smell, the carp also have a highly developed sense of taste. In the first place it is important to remember the old maxim that ‘carp don’t have hands’ therefore the carp acts almost like a vacuum cleaner when feeding, using its sense of taste to reject items that it does not want to eat. While we can never quite be sure exactly what a carp sees, its eyes are able to operate in much lower light levels than our own and can also detect a wide spectrum of colours. The position of the eyes on both sides of the head give them a good sideways field of vision, in fact almost 360 degrees ( apart from near the tail ). Above the water their forward vision is quite sensitive to changes in light and movement, so when stalking carp use slow movements, avoid standing out on the skyline and try to blend in with your surroundings ( hence the use of camo clothing! ) Better still approach them from behind.Carp do not have a visible set of ears; rather they are inside of the carp’s body on either side of the head just above the gills. These ears, located at the rear of the brain, consist basically of a fluid filled sac that contains set of tiny hairs on an ear bone (the ‘Otolith’) which detect vibrations in the water outside.

Grows up-to  Max. Published Weight 45.0 kg
Where to Catch Lakes, Rivers, Ponds
When to Catch All year round


A diurnal species and usually solitary. Burrows occasionally. Feeds on plants. Spawning season generally coincides with the southwest monsoon. Spawning occurs in flooded rivers. Fecundity depending upon the length and weight of the fish and weight of the ovary. Widely introduced outside of its native range for stocking reservoirs and aquaculture.


Widely available in our rivers and lakes, Rohu can also be fished in thousands of aquaculture farms country wide.

Angling Methods

Chumming:There is an art to chumming. If you over feed an area, the fish will shut down and you will not catch them. Too little food and they will move on to a better place. Fortunately, carp are eating machines and they travel in packs, so it is hard to overfeed them, You can chum with anything, but the best way to start is with corn. Canned sweetcorn is the most available and it is easily introduced with a catpultBait:This recipe is simple and had a good bite response on it’s very first outing including a 22 pounder from the River. I use the small 13 ounce coffee can and the measurements don’t have to be exact. – 1/2 coffee can of cooked feed corn that has been ground in a food processor* – 1/2 coffee can of Frosted Oat Cereal that has been powdered in a food processor – 1/6 coffee can of semolina flour – 2 eggs – enough water or milk to make paste (1 or 2 tablespoons) – 4 tablespoons of canola oil Mix all ingredients together to make a thick paste, but solid enough to handle. Let the dough ball rest for around 10 to 15 minutes. Add a little more moisture if you need it. If dough is too wet add the flour – cornmeal mixture to stiffen it up. Roll into sausages and then into balls and boil for around 4 minutes. Spray over with flavor and dry over night or prepare flavor bath (small amount of flavor, sweetener, and color with enough water to cover the baits) and soak over night. * Be careful with the food processor, already burned up one.

Fight Characteristics

Carp fight. Not the wild, leaping fight of a bass or trout, but the deep-down, pulsing, bulldozer kind of a fight that comes only from determined brute strength. You play a carp and he plays you until he’s either exhausted on the beach or hands you back your tackle in your hat

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